Weijuan Yang, Li Yang, Shuangwei Mao, Dandan Liu, Lili Wang

Analysis of the effect of nursing care based on action research method on the prevention of postoperative lymphedema in breast cancer patients

  • General Medicine

Rationale: In recent times, the pervasive adoption of the action research method has garnered substantial attention both domestically and internationally. Its integration has traversed various domains of nursing research, nursing education, and nursing practice, yielding commendable outcomes. However, a notable gap persists, as this method remains untapped in the realm of nursing care concerning the prevention of postoperative lymphedema in breast cancer patients. Diagnosis: To employ the action research methodology in the context of patients undergoing axillary lymph node dissection surgery for breast cancer, aiming to investigate its impact on mitigating postoperative lymphedema and assessing its influence on the patient’s quality of life, as well as levels of anxiety and depression postoperatively. Intervention: The study focused on breast cancer patients admitted to our hospital from January 2022 to December 2022. Among them, 44 patients from January to June constituted the control group, while 44 patients from July to December comprised the observation group. Conventional nursing measures were applied to the control group, whereas the observation group received nursing interventions rooted in the action research method. A comparative analysis was conducted between the 2 groups, assessing the incidence of postoperative lymphedema, daily life ability, as well as levels of anxiety and depression. Outcomes: The prevalence of edema was notably reduced in the observation group (20.93%) compared to the control group (42.22%), with a statistically significant difference. Throughout the study, patients in both groups exhibited increased Barthel Index Scale scores from the study’s initiation, and the scores for the observation group surpassed those of the control group, reaching statistical significance (P < .05). Furthermore, by the study’s conclusion, anxiety and depression scores for patients in both groups were diminished compared to the study’s commencement, and the observation group demonstrated significantly lower scores in anxiety and depression compared to the control group (P < .05). Lessons: The implementation of nursing care grounded in the action research methodology exhibits a capacity to diminish both the occurrence and intensity of postoperative lymphedema in breast cancer patients. Concurrently, it enhances the patients’ daily life functionality and mitigates symptoms of anxiety and depression.

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