DOI: 10.3390/batteries9120590 ISSN: 2313-0105

Analysis of Ni-Rich Cathode Composite Electrode Performance According to the Conductive Additive Distribution for Application in Sulfide All-Solid-State Lithium-Ion Batteries

Jae Hong Choi, Sumyeong Choi, Tom James Embleton, Kyungmok Ko, Kashif Saleem Saqib, Mina Jo, Junhyeok Hwang, Sungwoo Park, Yoonkook Son, Pilgun Oh
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electrochemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

All-solid-state lithium-ion batteries (ASSLBs) represent a promising breakthrough in battery technology owing to their high energy density and exceptional stability. When crafting cathode electrodes for ASSLBs, the solid electrolyte/cathode material interface is physically hindered by the specific morphology of carbon additive materials. In this paper, we examine the distribution of conductive additives within the electrode and its impact on the electrochemical performance of composites incorporating either nano-sized carbon black (CB) or micron-sized carbon nanofibers (CNF) into Ni-rich (LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2) cathode material based composites. When nano-sized CB is employed as a conductive additive, it enhances the electrical conductivity of the composite by adopting a uniform distribution. However, its positioning between the solid electrolyte and cathode material leads to an increase in interfacial resistance during charge and discharge cycles, resulting in decreased electrochemical performance. In contrast, using micron-sized CNF as a conductive additive results in a reduction in the composite’s electrical conductivity compared to CB. Nevertheless, due to the comparatively uninterrupted interfaces between the solid electrolyte and cathode materials, it exhibits superior electrochemical characteristics. Our findings are expected to aid the fabrication of electrochemical-enhanced cathode composite electrodes for ASSLBs.

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