DOI: 10.3390/ijms25010580 ISSN: 1422-0067

Analysis of Lsm Protein-Mediated Regulation in the Haloarchaeon Haloferax mediterranei

Gloria Payá, Vanesa Bautista, Sandra Pastor-Soler, Mónica Camacho, Julia Esclapez, María-José Bonete
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • Catalysis

The Sm protein superfamily includes Sm, like-Sm (Lsm), and Hfq found in the Eukarya, Archaea, and Bacteria domains. Archaeal Lsm proteins have been shown to bind sRNAs and are probably involved in various cellular processes, suggesting a similar function in regulating sRNAs by Hfq in bacteria. Moreover, archaeal Lsm proteins probably represent the ancestral Lsm domain from which eukaryotic Sm proteins have evolved. In this work, Haloferax mediterranei was used as a model organism because it has been widely used to investigate the nitrogen cycle and its regulation in Haloarchaea. Predicting this protein’s secondary and tertiary structures has resulted in a three-dimensional model like the solved Lsm protein structure of Archaeoglobus fulgidus. To obtain information on the oligomerization state of the protein, homologous overexpression and purification by means of molecular exclusion chromatography have been performed. The results show that this protein can form hexameric complexes, which can aggregate into 6 or 12 hexameric rings depending on the NaCl concentration and without RNA. In addition, the study of transcriptional expression via microarrays has allowed us to obtain the target genes regulated by the Lsm protein under nutritional stress conditions: nitrogen or carbon starvation. Microarray analysis has shown the first universal stress proteins (USP) in this microorganism that mediate survival in situations of nitrogen deficiency.

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