Kanoko Hattori, Yoichiro Hoshino, Masayuki Kachi, Yasumitsu Masuda, Satoshi Yamamoto, Shinnosuke Honda, Naojiro Minami, Shuntaro Ikeda

Analysis of histone H3K4me3 modifications in bovine placenta derived from different calf‐production methods

  • Endocrinology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Biotechnology

AbstractIn ruminants, the overgrowth of offspring produced by in vitro fertilization (IVF) is a common problem. Abnormal epigenetic modifications caused by environmental factors during the early embryonic period are suspected as an aetiology of overgrowth. In this study, we investigated the genome‐wide histone H3K4me3 profiles of bovine placentae that play a pivotal role in foetal development and compared their characteristics between artificial insemination (AI)‐ and IVF‐derived samples. Cotyledons were harvested from the placentae obtained at parturition of 5 AI‐ and 13 IVF‐derived calves, and chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing was performed for H3K4me3. We confirmed no significant maternal tissue contamination in the samples we used. The revealed H3K4me3 profiles reflected the general characteristics of the H3K4me3 modification, which is abundantly distributed in the promoter region of active genes. By extracting common modifications from multiple samples, the genes involved in placenta‐specific biological processes could be enriched. Comparison with the H3K4me3 modifications of blastocyst samples was also effective for enriching the placenta‐specific features. Principal component analysis suggested the presence of differential H3K4me3 modifications in AI‐ and IVF‐derived samples. The genes contributing to the difference were related to the developmental biological processes. Imprinted genes such as BEGAIN, ZNF215 and DLX5 were among the extracted genes. Principal component and discriminant analyses using only male samples categorized the samples into three groups based on foetal weight and calf‐production methods. To our knowledge, this is the first study to profile the genome‐wide histone modifications of bovine foetal placentae and reveal their differential characteristics between different calf‐production methods.

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