DOI: 10.5993/ajhb.47.5.17 ISSN: 1087-3244

Analysis of Awareness Status and Factors Influencing Different Populations towards Public Health Emergencies during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Ling Wang, Jingying Li, Jing Zhao, Rong Shi, Lijuan Wang, Haiyun Yuan, YuHong Xue, HaitaoLu, Fang Chen, Xinqian Shi, Xiaojun Ren, Lifen Liang
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Health (social science)

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness status of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among different populations and to explore the influencing factors of COVID-19 awareness. Methods: We used a questionnaire and stratified cluster sampling to collect data from 3580 residents in different communities in Jinyuan District, Shanxi Province between January 1, 2022 and June 30, 2022. We used SPSS (v.21.0) for statistical analysis of our data. We used constituent ratios to analyze general information and the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression to analyze awareness factors. Results: We achieved a feedback rate of 97.77%. The general awareness rate of COVID-19 was 73.14%. Risk factors that influenced the awareness status of the residents included age of over 50 years old, working in industries such as farming, an educational level of less than than college, and living in rural areas. Conclusion: The factors that influence awareness of COVID-19 include occupation, age, education status and area of residence.

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