DOI: 10.1002/alz.080591 ISSN: 1552-5260

Analyses of Quality of Life in Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration: Findings from the ALLFTD Consortium

Kevin M Nelson, Leah K. Forsberg, Danielle Brushaber, Jeremy A. Syrjanen, Maria I. Lapid, Hilary W. Heuer, Adam L. Boxer, Howard J. Rosen, Brad F. Boeve, ALLFTD Consortium
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Neurology (clinical)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Health Policy
  • Epidemiology



The DEMQOL (Dementia Quality of Life) scale is a patient reported questionnaire and proxy form that captures subjective life quality. Participants in ALLFTD and their Study Partners (SP) complete these questionnaires at each study visit.


We analyzed the DEMQOL in participants and their SPs when the SP was reported to be a spouse or equivalent. Analyses focused on the final overall quality of life (QoL) rating for the participant (poor, fair, good, or very good).


DEMQOL responses from 907 dyads (participant: mean age 58.3±13.4 years, 44% female, and mean education 15.9±2.5 years) were analyzed. Participants rated their overall QoL as very good (45.8%), good (36.5%), fair (14%), and poor (3.5%). SPs rated their participant’s overall QoL as very good (33.6%), good (41%), fair (19.4%), and poor (6%). There was a discordance in ratings between participants and SPs (p<0.0001); in almost 50% of cases, participants rated their QoL better (33.2%) or worse (15.2%) than their SP rated their QoL. When considering disease severity (CDR®+NACC‐FTLD global score), participants rated their QoL better than their SP rated their QoL (CDR®+NACC‐FTLD = 0: 19.4%, CDR®+NACC‐FTLD = 0.5: 42%, and CDR®+NACC‐FTLD = 1+: 33.2%), worse than (CDR®+NACC‐FTLD = 0: 15.1%, CDR®+NACC‐FTLD = 0.5: 13.3%, and CDR®+NACC‐FTLD = 1+: 15.2%), or the same (CDR®+NACC‐FTLD = 0: 65.6%, CDR®+NACC‐FTLD = 0.5: 44.8%, and CDR®+NACC‐FTLD = 1+: 51.6%).


Among participants and SPs, similarities and differences in QoL ratings are fairly consistent regardless of global CDR®+NACC‐FTLD rating. Generally, participants are equally or more optimistic about QoL than their SPs. Longitudinal analyses are forthcoming.

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