DOI: 10.2174/0113894501276093231206064243 ISSN: 1389-4501

An Update on the Emerging Role of Wnt/β-catenin, SYK, PI3K/AKT, and GM-CSF Signaling Pathways in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Pradyuman Prajapati, Gaurav Doshi
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology
  • Molecular Medicine


Rheumatoid arthritis is an untreatable autoimmune disorder. The disease is accompanied by joint impairment and anomalies, which negatively affect the patient’s quality of life and contribute to a decline in manpower. To diagnose and treat rheumatoid arthritis, it is crucial to understand the abnormal signaling pathways that contribute to the disease. This understanding will help develop new rheumatoid arthritis-related intervention targets. Over the last few decades, researchers have given more attention to rheumatoid arthritis. The current review seeks to provide a detailed summary of rheumatoid arthritis, highlighting the basic description of the disease, past occurrences, the study of epidemiology, risk elements, and the process of disease progression, as well as the key scientific development of the disease condition and multiple signaling pathways and enumerating the most current advancements in discovering new rheumatoid arthritis signaling pathways and rheumatoid arthritis inhibitors. This review emphasizes the anti-rheumatoid effects of these inhibitors [for the Wnt/β-catenin, Phosphoinositide 3-Kinases (PI3K/AKT), Spleen Tyrosine Kinase (SYK), and Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) signaling pathways], illustrating their mechanism of action through a literature search, current therapies, and novel drugs under pre-clinical and clinical trials.

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