DOI: 10.3390/mi15010042 ISSN: 2072-666X

An Overview of Electrochemical Sensors Based on Transition Metal Carbides and Oxides: Synthesis and Applications

Amirarsalan Mashhadian, Ruda Jian, Siyu Tian, Shiwen Wu, Guoping Xiong
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Sensors play vital roles in industry and healthcare due to the significance of controlling the presence of different substances in industrial processes, human organs, and the environment. Electrochemical sensors have gained more attention recently than conventional sensors, including optical fibers, chromatography devices, and chemiresistors, due to their better versatility, higher sensitivity and selectivity, and lower complexity. Herein, we review transition metal carbides (TMCs) and transition metal oxides (TMOs) as outstanding materials for electrochemical sensors. We navigate through the fabrication processes of TMCs and TMOs and reveal the relationships among their synthesis processes, morphological structures, and sensing performance. The state-of-the-art biological, gas, and hydrogen peroxide electrochemical sensors based on TMCs and TMOs are reviewed, and potential challenges in the field are suggested. This review can help others to understand recent advancements in electrochemical sensors based on transition metal oxides and carbides.

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