DOI: 10.3390/axioms13010033 ISSN: 2075-1680

An Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic Approach for Dynamic Parameter Adaptation in a Whale Optimization Algorithm Applied to Mathematical Functions

Leticia Amador-Angulo, Oscar Castillo
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Logic
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Analysis

In this paper, an improved whale optimization algorithm (WOA) based on the utilization of an interval type-2 fuzzy logic system (IT2FLS) is presented. The main idea is to present a proposal for adjusting the values of the r→1 and r→2 parameters in the WOA using an IT2FLS to achieve excellent results in the execution of the WOA. The original WOA has already proven itself as an algorithm with excellent results; therefore, a wide variety of improvements have been made to it. Herein, the main purpose is to provide a hybridization of the WOA algorithm employing fuzzy logic to find the appropriate values of the r→1 and r→2 parameters that can optimize the mathematical functions used in this study, thereby providing an improvement to the original WOA algorithm. The performance of the fuzzy WOA using IT2FLS (FWOA-IT2FLS) shows good results in the case study of the benchmark function optimization. An important comparative with other metaheuristics is also presented. A statistical test and the comparative with other bio-inspired algorithms, namely, the original WOA with type-1 FLS (FWOA-T1FLS) are analyzed. The performance index used is the average of the minimum errors in each proposed method.

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