DOI: 10.3390/aerospace11030217 ISSN: 2226-4310

An Integrated Monitoring, Diagnostics, and Prognostics System for Aero-Engines under Long-Term Performance Deterioration

Juan Luis Pérez-Ruiz, Yu Tang, Igor Loboda, Luis Angel Miró-Zárate
  • Aerospace Engineering

In the field of aircraft engine diagnostics, many advanced algorithms have been proposed over the last few years. However, there is still wide room for improvement, especially in the development of more integrated and complete engine health management systems to detect, identify, and forecast complex faults in a short time. Furthermore, it is necessary to ensure that these systems preserve their capabilities over time despite engine deterioration. This paper addresses these necessities by proposing an integrated system that considers the joint operation of feature extraction, anomaly detection, fault identification, and prognostic algorithms for engines with long operation times. To effectively reveal the actual engine condition, light adaptive degraded engine models are computed along with different health indicators that are used as inputs to train and test recognition and prediction models. The system is developed and evaluated using a specialized NASA platform which provides data from a turbofan engine fleet simultaneously experiencing long-term performance deterioration and faults. Contrary to other compared solutions, our results show that the proposed system is robust against the effects of engine deterioration, maintaining its level of detection, recognition, and prediction accuracy over a total engine service life. The low computational cost algorithms has generally fast performance in all stages, making the system suitable for online applications.

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