An Insight into the Prevention and Control Methods for Bacterial Wilt Disease in Tomato PlantsSixuan Wu, Hao Su, Fuyun Gao, Huaiying Yao, Xuelian Fan, Xiaolei Zhao, Yaying Li
- Agronomy and Crop Science
Continuous cropping is the primary cultivation method in Chinese facility agriculture, and the challenge of it stands as a global issue in soil remediation. Growing tomatoes continuously on the same plot for an extended period can result in outbreaks of tomato bacterial wilt. It is caused by the soil-borne bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum, a widespread plant pathogen that inflicts considerable damage on economically significant crops worldwide. Simultaneously, this plant pathogen proves extremely resilient, as it can adhere to plant residues and persist through the winter, continuing to infect plants in subsequent years. Scientists have dedicated considerable efforts towards finding effective methods to manage this disease. This article delineates the characteristics of tomato bacterial wilt and the various types of pathogenic bacteria involved. It systematically reviews the progress in research aimed at controlling tomato bacterial wilt, encompassing both physical and biological aspects concerning soil and plants. Emphasis is placed on the principles and current applications of these control measures, alongside proposed improvements to address their limitations. It is anticipated that the future of tomato bacterial wilt control will revolve around the development of a novel environmental protection system and efficient control strategies, focusing on microecological management and enhancing tomato resistance against bacterial wilt through breeding.