DOI: 10.3390/s24010062 ISSN: 1424-8220

An Improved Mask R-CNN Micro-Crack Detection Model for the Surface of Metal Structural Parts

Fan Yang, Junzhou Huo, Zhang Cheng, Hao Chen, Yiting Shi
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry

Micro-crack detection is an essential task in critical equipment health monitoring. Accurate and timely detection of micro-cracks can ensure the healthy and stable service of equipment. Aiming at improving the low accuracy of the conventional target detection model during the task of detecting micro-cracks on the surface of metal structural parts, this paper built a micro-cracks dataset and explored a detection performance optimization method based on Mask R-CNN. Firstly, we improved the original FPN structure, adding a bottom-up feature fusion path to enhance the information utilization rate of the underlying feature layer. Secondly, we added the methods of deformable convolution kernel and attention mechanism to ResNet, which can improve the efficiency of feature extraction. Lastly, we modified the original loss function to optimize the network training effect and model convergence rate. The ablation comparison experiments shows that all the improvement schemes proposed in this paper have improved the performance of the original Mask R-CNN. The integration of all the improvement schemes can produce the most significant performance improvement effects in recognition, classification, and positioning simultaneously, thus proving the rationality and feasibility of the improved scheme in this paper.

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