DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms12030570 ISSN: 2076-2607

An Exploratory Review of the Potential of Lytic Proteins and Bacteriophages for the Treatment of Tuberculosis

Sibongile Mtimka, Priyen Pillay, Lusisizwe Kwezi, Ofentse Jacob Pooe, Tsepo Lebiletsa Tsekoa
  • Virology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly prevalent infectious disease that causes more than 1.5 million deaths a year. More than 25% of TB deaths occur in Africa, and TB is South Africa’s leading cause of death, with about 89,000 people dying of it yearly. The emergence of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) poses a significant threat to health security and could reverse the positive gains already made in the fight against TB. Antibiotic treatments are available, but side effects and the alarming increase in the prevalence of drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) will compromise the control of the spread and treatment of the disease. A promising option is to employ specialized enzymes encoded by bacteriophages, which destroy bacterial cell membranes and walls to treat tuberculosis. Phage therapy against bacteria is a known treatment that is now reemerging with lytic proteins. These proteins provide an alternative means to treat infectious diseases where conventional antibiotic regimens do not meet the requirements. This review explores and discusses the potential of lytic protein therapy as an antimicrobial strategy against M. tuberculosis and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.

More from our Archive