DOI: 10.1002/asjc.3306 ISSN: 1561-8625

An enhanced direct torque control strategy with composite controller for permanent magnet synchronous motor

Thanh‐Lam Le, Min‐Fu Hsieh
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)


Direct torque control (DTC) based on sliding mode control (SMC) has been widely applied to permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drives for torque ripple reduction and flux tracking. However, the control performance may be degraded due to disturbances such as variations in motor parameters or uncertainties. In this paper, a DTC strategy with an improved composite SMC controller is proposed for the PMSM drive system to enhance its performance under various disturbances. The speed controller is first designed based on a proposed adaptive reaching law (ARL) to eliminate chattering that appears in the conventional SMC, accelerate convergence, improve tracking performance, and reduce torque ripples. Then, an enhanced extended sliding mode disturbance observer (E2SMDO) is developed to estimate the lumped disturbances of the PMSM drive system in real time and compensate for a feedforward to the speed controller. By combining the ARL and E2SMDO, a composite controller (denoted ARL + E2SMDO) is established, whose stability is proven through the Lyapunov theory. The effectiveness of the proposed method is validated by simulations and experiments. The results of both simulations and experiments demonstrate that the composite ARL + E2SMDO controller has a fast dynamic response, reduced torque ripples, strong robustness, and good anti‐disturbance compared to other conventional methods.

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