Himanshu Jangid, Deepak Kumar, Gaurav Kumar, Raj Kumar, Narsimha Mamidi

An Emerging Foodborne Pathogen Spotlight: A Bibliometric Analysis and Scholarly Review of Escherichia coli O157 Research

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Biochemistry
  • Microbiology

Foodborne infections pose a substantial global threat, causing an estimated 600 million illnesses and resulting in approximately 420,000 deaths annually. Among the diverse array of pathogens implicated in these infections, Escherichia coli (E. coli), specifically the O157 strain (E. coli O157), emerges as a prominent pathogen associated with severe outbreaks. This study employs a comprehensive bibliometric analysis and scholarly review focused on E. coli O157 research. The bibliometric analysis highlights the significant role played by the United States in the E. coli O157 research domain. Further exploration underscores the noteworthy contributions of the researcher Doyle MP, whose body of work, consisting of 84 documents and an impressive H-Index of 49, reflects their substantial impact in the field. Recent research trends indicate a discernible shift towards innovative detection methods, exemplified by the adoption of CRISPR-CAS and Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification. Moreover, high-throughput whole-genome sequencing techniques are gaining prominence for the expeditious analysis of pathogenic E. coli strains. Scientists are increasingly exploring antimicrobial agents, including phage therapy, to address the challenges posed by antibiotic-resistant E. coli strains, thereby addressing critical concerns related to multi-drug resistance. This comprehensive analysis provides vital insights into the dynamic landscape of E. coli O157 research. It serves as a valuable resource for researchers, policymakers, and healthcare professionals dedicated to mitigating E. coli O157 outbreaks and advancing global public health strategies.

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