DOI: 10.1093/ce/zkad073 ISSN: 2515-4230

An asymmetrical multilevel inverter with minimum voltage stress and fewer components for photovoltaic renewable-energy system

Rabail Memon, Mukhtiar Ahmed Mahar, Abdul Sattar Larik, Syed Asif Ali shah
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Engineering


The enhanced power quality provided by multilevel inverters (MLIs) has made them more appropriate for medium- and high-power applications, including photovoltaic systems. Nevertheless, a prevalent limitation involves the necessity for numerous switches and increased voltage stress across these switches, consequently increasing the overall system cost. To address these challenges, a new 17-level asymmetrical MLI with fewer components and low voltage stress is proposed for the photovoltaic system. This innovative MLI configuration has four direct current (DC) sources and 10 switches. Based on the trinary sequence, the proposed topology uses photovoltaics with boost converters and fuzzy logic controllers as its DC sources. Mathematical equations are used to calculate crucial parameters for this proposed design, including total standing voltage per unit (TSVPU), cost function per level (CF/L), component count per level (CC/L) and voltage stress across the switches. The comparison is conducted by considering switches, DC sources, TSVPU, CF/L, gate driver circuits and CC/L with other existing MLI topologies. The analysis is carried out under various conditions, encompassing different levels of irradiance, variable loads and modulation indices. To reduce the total harmonic distortion of the suggested topology, the phase opposition disposition approach has been incorporated. The suggested framework is simulated in MATLAB®/Simulink®. The results indicate that the proposed topology achieves a well-distributed stress profile across the switches and has CC/L of 1.23, TSVPU of 5 and CF/L of 4.58 and 5.76 with weight coefficients of 0.5 and 1.5, respectively. These values are notably superior to those of existing MLI topologies. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed topology maintains a consistent output at varying irradiance levels with FLCs and exhibits robust performance under variable loads and diverse modulation indices. Furthermore, the total harmonic distortion achieved with phase opposition disposition is 7.78%, outperforming alternative pulse width modulation techniques. In summary, it provides enhanced performance. Considering this, it is suitable for the photovoltaic system.

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