DOI: 10.3390/su16010308 ISSN: 2071-1050

An Algorithm to Minimize Near-Zero Rebar-Cutting Waste and Rebar Usage of Columns

Daniel Darma Widjaja, Titi Sari Nurul Rachmawati, Sunkuk Kim, Sungsu Lee
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction

Rebar usage and cutting waste contribute significantly to global greenhouse gas emissions, mainly CO2 and CH4. Researchers have explored various means to minimize cutting waste; however, these studies have yet to address reducing splices and utilizing a single specific special-length rebar. Hence, this study proposed an algorithm to minimize rebar usage and reduce rebar-cutting waste to less than 1% (near-zero rebar-cutting waste). The algorithm involves two main steps: (1) reducing the number of splices by utilizing special-length rebar and (2) adjusting the rebar accordingly based on the obtained special-length rebar. The algorithm was applied to the column rebars of an RC building to validate its effectiveness. The results confirmed a reduction in rebar usage by 3.226 tons (17.76%), a cutting waste rate of 0.83% (near-zero rebar-cutting waste achieved), a reduction of 11.18 tons in CO2 emissions, and a cost reduction of USD 3741. Employing the proposed algorithm in RC building and structure projects will amplify the corresponding benefits and contribute to the achievement of SDGs adopted by the United Nations to ensure sustainable resource usage and the acceleration of sustainable and green construction practices.

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