DOI: 10.3390/en17061273 ISSN: 1996-1073

An Adaptive Reclosing Scheme for Cross-Line Faults on Double-Circuit Wind Power Outgoing Lines with Shunt Reactors

Sen Hu, Chao Xie, Chunya Yin
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

Wind turbines are vulnerable to negative sequence current injection, the conventional automatic reclosing scheme for wind power outgoing lines, since we may inject negative sequence components into the system and reclose it without distinguishing the nature of the fault through rectification. Moreover, reclosing in permanent faults could induce a secondary impact on the system. To solve the above problems, an adaptive reclosing scheme for cross-line faults on double-circuit wind power outgoing lines with shunt reactors is proposed. Firstly, a new tripping strategy and a single-side partial-phase reclosing method are proposed for multiple types of outgoing line faults, while, simultaneously, phase-to-phase coupling loops are established. Secondly, the criteria of fault nature are established based on the fault phase shunt reactor current and fault phase voltage characteristics, and transient faults are rapidly and accurately distinguished from permanent ones according to the criteria. Finally, the theoretical derivation and simulation experiments are conducted on the PSCAD/EMTDC platform to demonstrate that the proposed adaptive reclosing method is applicable to avoid the injection of negative sequence currents into wind turbines. Meanwhile, the success rate of reclosing for wind power outgoing line is significantly improved and the continuity of power transmission on the wind farm(s) is ensured.

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