DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00132.2023 ISSN:

An adapted liver perfusion in a shark species, Squalus suckleyi: investigation of energy mobilization.

Alexandra N Schoen, Alyssa M Weinrauch, Ian A Bouyoucos, W Gary Anderson
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

The liver is an essential energy storage organ in vertebrates. In teleosts and elasmobranchs, previous studies examining hepatic energy balance have used isolated hepatocytes. While these studies have been informative the high fat content in the elasmobranch liver limits isolation of hepatocytes and therefore the utility of this method to understand hepatic metabolic processes. In the present study we developed an in situ liver perfusion in the North Pacific spiny dogfish, Squalus suckleyi. Perfusions were conducted by cannulating the hepatic portal vein (inflowing cannulation) and the sinus venosus through the heart (outflowing cannulation). Changes in major elasmobranch metabolites (glucose and 3-hydroxybutarate [3-HB]) were determined by the arterial (inflow)-venous (outflow) difference in metabolite concentration. Liver preparations were considered viable due to consistent oxygen consumption over 3hrs and the maintenance of predictable vasoconstriction following administration of homologous 10-7M angiotensin II. Removal and reintroduction from the perfusate of metabolites showed endogenous 3-HB production in the isolated perfused livers but did not affect glucose balance. However, the arterial-venous difference of both metabolites did not change following perfusion with heterologous insulin and homologous glucagon, which may be due to the glucose intolerant nature of elasmobranchs. Ultimately, we show the viability of this perfusion for the investigation of hepatic energy mobilization in sharks.

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