Franz Duca, René Rettl, Christina Kronberger, Michael Poledniczek, Christina Binder, Daniel Dalos, Matthias Koschutnik, Carolina Donà, Dietrich Beitzke, Christian Loewe, Christian Nitsche, Christian Hengstenberg, Roza Badr-Eslam, Johannes Kastner, Jutta Bergler-Klein, Andreas Anselm Kammerlander

Amyloid Burden Correlates with Electrocardiographic Findings in Patients with Cardiac Amyloidosis—Insights from Histology and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging

  • General Medicine

Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is associated with several distinct electrocardiographic (ECG) changes. However, the impact of amyloid depositions on ECG parameters is not well investigated. We therefore aimed to assess the correlation of amyloid burden with ECG and test the prognostic power of ECG findings on outcomes in patients with CA. Consecutive CA patients underwent ECG assessment and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), including the quantification of extracellular volume (ECV) with T1 mapping. Moreover, seven patients underwent additional amyloid quantification using immunohistochemistry staining of endomyocardial biopsies. A total of 105 CA patients (wild-type transthyretin: 74.3%, variant transthyretin: 8.6%, light chain: 17.1%) were analyzed for this study. We detected correlations of total QRS voltage with histologically quantified amyloid burden (r = −0.780, p = 0.039) and ECV (r = −0.266, p = 0.006). In patients above the ECV median (43.9%), PR intervals were significantly longer (p = 0.016) and left anterior fascicular blocks were more prevalent (p = 0.025). In our survival analysis, neither Kaplan–Meier curves (p = 0.996) nor Cox regression analysis detected associations of QRS voltage with adverse patient outcomes (hazard ratio: 0.995, p = 0.265). The present study demonstrated that an increased amyloid burden is associated with lower voltages in CA patients. However, baseline ECG findings, including QRS voltage, were not associated with adverse outcomes.

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