Ampullary Adenocarcinoma: A Review of the Mutational Landscape and Implications for TreatmentVasileios Tsagkalidis, Russell C. Langan, Brett L. Ecker
- Cancer Research
Ampullary carcinomas represent less than 1% of all gastrointestinal malignancies with an incidence of approximately 6 cases per 1 million. Histologic examination and immunohistochemistry have been traditionally used to categorize ampullary tumors into intestinal, pancreatobiliary or mixed subtypes. Intestinal-subtype tumors may exhibit improved survival versus the pancreatobiliary subtype, although studies on the prognostic value of immunomorphologic classification have been inconsistent. Genomic classifiers hold the promise of greater reliability, while providing potential targets for precision oncology. Multi-institutional collaboration will be necessary to better understand how molecular classification can guide type and sequencing of multimodality therapy.