DOI: 10.1002/asia.202300980 ISSN: 1861-4728

Amorphous Ni(OH)2‐Ni3S2/NF nano‐flower heterostructure catalyst promotes efficient urea assisted overall water splitting

Lixue Zhou, Daming Feng, Chang Liu, Ying Sun, Yang Fu, Tianyi Ma
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


Urea assisted overall water splitting represents a cost‐effective and efficient technology for hydrogen production, which not only obviates the generation of explosive H2 and O2 gas mixture but also minimizes the energy cost for the water splitting. In this study, we employed a one‐pot hydrothermal method to directly synthesize Ni(OH)2‐Ni3S2/NF hybrid nanoflowers on a nickel foam (NF) substrate, resulting in efficient and stable bi‐functional electrocatalysts for urea oxidation reaction (UOR) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Under alkaline conditions, the Ni(OH)2‐Ni3S2/NF catalyst exhibits low voltage requirements of 1.346 V and −0.014 V vs. RHE with a current density of 10 mA cm−2 for UOR and HER, respectively. Furthermore, when employing the Ni(OH)2‐Ni3S2/NF catalyst as both anode and cathode for urea‐assisted overall water splitting, it requires a cell voltage of merely 1.396 V with a current density of 10 mA cm−2, which is notably lower than the voltage required for complete water decomposition at the same current density (1.568 V vs. RHE). The one‐step synthesis of the Ni(OH)2‐Ni3S2/NF catalyst lays a foundation for further exploration of other transition metal complexes as dual‐function electrocatalysts, enabling energy‐efficient electrolytic hydrogen production and the treatment of urea‐rich wastewater.

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