DOI: 10.1002/alz.078824 ISSN: 1552-5260

Alzheimer’s disease blood tests of amyloid‐β 42/40, p‐tau217, p‐tau181 and p‐tau205 ratios in a diverse community‐based population: Preliminary results from SEABIR

Randall J. Bateman
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Neurology (clinical)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Health Policy
  • Epidemiology



Alzheimer’s disease (AD) blood tests that can identify and quantify amyloid plaques, tau tangles, and cognitive and clinical decline are needed in clinical practice, including primary care. However, these tests require validation in diverse groups and real‐world settings. The goals of the Study to Evaluate Amyloid in Blood and Imaging Related to Dementia (SEABIRD) were to enroll 1120 participants to determine the accuracy and validity of blood amyloid‐β (Aβ) and phosphorylated tau (p‐tau) tests in a diverse, community‐based sample of older adults compared with amyloid PET, and to explore the impact of key factors (age, race, years of education, cognition, APOE genotype, and medical conditions) on validity estimates.


SEABIRD measured blood plasma Aβ42/40 ratio and ratios of phosphorylated to non‐phosphorylated p‐tau217, p‐tau181, and p‐tau205 (%p‐tau) in a diverse population of older adults. In addition, cognitive screening with the AD8® dementia screen and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were obtained. Approximately 25% of participants were selected for amyloid PET and CDR as a reference standard.


Of the 859 participants enrolled in this ongoing study, 20.6% self‐identified as Black or African American and the percentage of APOE ε4 carriers was 30.2%, as expected for a population‐based sample (Table 1). For a subset of 76 participants with completed amyloid PET and all blood measures, plasma Aβ42/40 had ROC‐AUC with amyloid PET status of 0.85, %p‐tau217 of 0.97, %p‐tau181 of 0.83, and %p‐tau205 of 0.81 (Figure 1). Spearman correlations with amyloid PET SUVR were ‐0.59 for plasma Aβ42/40, 0.69 for p‐tau217 ratio, 0.43 for p‐tau181 ratio and 0.48 for p‐tau205 ratio.


These preliminary results demonstrate that AD blood tests have similar accuracies in a diverse population‐based sample to those reported in AD research cohorts. These findings suggest that rapid screening and diagnosis of amyloid pathology with AD blood tests is possible in a broader population with higher comorbid disease burden and greater diversity than typical AD research cohorts. Screening with AD blood tests could accelerate clinical trial recruitment and increase the representativeness of clinical trial populations, which may improve the generalizability of clinical trial results.

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