DOI: 10.1002/smll.202307400 ISSN: 1613-6810

All Plant‐Based Compact Supercapacitor in Living Plants

Chang Gao, Yuyang Gu, Qing Liu, Weihu Lin, Bin Zhang, Xiangyun Lin, Haozhen Wang, Yang Zhao, Liangti Qu
  • Biomaterials
  • Biotechnology
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemistry


Biomass‐based energy storage devices (BESDs) have drawn much attention to substitute traditional electronic devices based on petroleum or synthetic chemical materials for the advantages of biodegradability, biocompatibility, and low cost. However, most of the BESDs are almost made of reconstructed plant materials and exogenous chemical additives which constrain the autonomous and widespread advantages of living plants. Herein, an all‐plant‐based compact supercapacitor (APCSC) without any nonhomologous additives is reported. This type of supercapacitor formed within living plants acts as a form of electronic plant (e‐plant) by using its tissue fluid electrolyte, which surprisingly presents a satisfying electrical capacitance of 182.5 mF cm−2, higher than those of biomass‐based micro‐supercapacitors reported previously. In addition, all constituents of the device come from the same plant, effectively avoid biologically incompatible with other extraneous substances, and almost do no harm to the growth of plant. This e‐plant can not only be constructed in aloe, but also be built in most of succulents, such as cactus in desert, offering timely electricity supply to people in extreme conditions. It is believed that this work will enrich the applications of electronic plants, and shed light on smart botany, forestry, and agriculture.

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