DOI: 10.1099/ijsem.0.006019 ISSN:

Alkalicoccobacillus porphyridii sp. nov., isolated from a marine red alga, reclassification of Shouchella plakortidis and Shouchella gibsonii as Alkalicoccobacillus plakortidis comb. nov. and Alkalicoccobacillus gibsonii comb. nov., and emended descr

Kyung Hyun Kim, Dong Min Han, Jae Kyeong Lee, Che Ok Jeon
  • General Medicine
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Microbiology

A Gram-stain-positive alkali-tolerant and strictly aerobic bacterium, designated strain P16T, was isolated from a marine red alga, Porphyridium cruentum, in the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. Cells were motile rods with peritrichous flagella and exhibited catalase and oxidase activities. The optimal growth of strain P16T was observed to occur at 30 °C and pH 8.0 and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Menaquinone-7 was identified as the sole respiratory quinone. Strain P16T contained anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C14 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as major cellular fatty acids and polar lipids, respectively. The G+C content of strain P16T was 40.8 mol%. Strain P16T was most closely related to Shouchella plakortidis P203T, Shouchella gibsonii DSM 8722T and Alkalicoccobacillus murimartini LMG 21005T with 98.1, 98.1 and 98.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene and genome sequences revealed that strain P16T, S, plakortidis, S. gibsonii and A. murimartini formed a single phylogenetic lineage cluster, and genomic relatedness analyses showed that they are different species. Based on phylogenetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular features, strain P16T represents a novel species of the genus Alkalicoccobacillus , for which the name Alkalicoccobacillus porphyridii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is P16T (=KACC 19520T=JCM 32931T). In addition, S. plakortidis and S. gibsonii are reclassified as Alkalicoccobacillus plakortidis comb. nov. (type strain P203T=DSM 19153T=NCIMB 14288T) and Alkalicoccobacillus gibsonii comb. nov. (type strain PN-109T=ATCC 700164T=DSM 8722T=KCCM 41407T), respectively.

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