DOI: 10.1002/1873-3468.14790 ISSN: 0014-5793

Akt may associate with insulin‐responsive vesicles via interaction with sortilin

Nava Zaarur, Anatoli B. Meriin, Maneet Singh, Raghuveera K. Goel, Joseph Zaia, Konstantin V. Kandror
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Structural Biology
  • Biophysics

Insulin‐responsive vesicles (IRVs) deliver the glucose transporter Glut4 to the plasma membrane in response to activation of the insulin signaling cascade: insulin receptor–IRS–PI3 kinase–Akt–TBC1D4–Rab10. Previous studies have shown that Akt, TBC1D4, and Rab10 are compartmentalized on the IRVs. Although functionally significant, the mechanism of Akt association with the IRVs remains unknown. Using pull‐down assays, immunofluorescence microscopy, and cross‐linking, we have found that Akt may be recruited to the IRVs via the interaction with the juxtamembrane domain of the cytoplasmic C‐terminus of sortilin, a major IRV protein. Overexpression of full‐length sortilin increases insulin‐stimulated phosphorylation of TBC1D4 and glucose uptake in adipocytes, while overexpression of the cytoplasmic tail of sortilin has the opposite effect. Our findings demonstrate that the IRVs represent both a scaffold and a target of insulin signaling.

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