Aksaray İli Buzağı İshallerinde Escherichia coli ve Escherichia coli Bakterisinin Son Üç Aylık Antibiyogram Sonuçları

  • General Medicine

Escherichia coli is a gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, motile, non-spore-forming rod-shaped bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. Pathogenic E. coli are divided into two groups: extraintestinal and intestinal. Intestinal Escherichia coli pathotypes: enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), Vero- or Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli (VTEC or STEC), enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC) and diffusely adherent E. coli (DAEC). Extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli: These can be listed as septicemic pathogenic E. coli, uropathogenic E. coli, avian pathogenic E. coli, breast pathogenic E. coli and those that cause uterine infections, endometrial pathogenic E. coli. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is the most common cause of neonatal diarrhea in calves and is a bacterial disease that colonizes the small intestine, produces enterotoxin, and occurs among calves during the neonatal period. The aim of this study is to determine the E.coli isolates that cause neonatal calf diarrhea in the Aksaray region between January, February and March 2021. To be used in the study, internal organ samples (liver, heart, lung and mesenteric lymph node) of neonatal calves that died due to diarrhea were taken from 20 different cattle farms in the Aksaray region. One calf that died in each farm was included in the sampling, and a total of 20 calves were sampled. E.coli was isolated in 12 (60%) of the internal organ samples covering these three months. According to the antibiogram results of the samples, 50% of the isolates were converted to Amoxicillin and Erythromycin, 33.3% to Tetracycline, 58.3% to Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, 66.6% to Streptomycin, 75% to Flofenicol, Gentamicin and Enrofloxacin, % 83.3 of them were found to be sensitive to Cefloxacin and Cefloxacinium.

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