DOI: 10.3390/atmos14121792 ISSN: 2073-4433

Air Quality Characterization and Trend Analysis in a Brazilian Industrialized Metropolitan Area in the Period from 1995 to 2022

Amanda Karine Chaves Ribeiro, Elson Silva Galvão, Taciana Toledo de Almeida Albuquerque
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

The Brazilian population grew approximately 9% from 2006 to 2016, and the number of deaths caused by air pollution increased by 14% in Brazil in the same period. Facing the lack of studies on air quality in the Metropolitan Area of Belo Horizonte (MABH)—the third most populous Brazilian metropolitan area—this study aimed to investigate the air quality and the trends of air pollutant concentrations in the MABH between 1995 and 2022, using data from the air quality monitoring network. The methodology consisted of checking MABHs air quality trends following the WHO air quality guidelines. The Mann–Kendall test was used to check statistically for the possibility of tendencies. The results showed a trend of stability in the concentrations of air pollutants in the MABH without any trend of improvement or worsening. However, the time series of the MABH exposed the challenge of ensuring better air quality that protects human health. Furthermore, the results reinforced the importance of focusing on pollutant sources and exposed the need for improvements in air quality management. Thus, it is essential to reverse the current dismantling scenario of the public environmental agencies in Brazil.

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