DOI: 10.1155/2024/8185044 ISSN: 1098-111X

AI-Driven Digital Twin Model for Reliable Lithium-Ion Battery Discharge Capacity Predictions

Pranav Nair, Vinay Vakharia, Milind Shah, Yogesh Kumar, Marcin Woźniak, Jana Shafi, Muhammad Fazal Ijaz
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Software

The present study proposes a novel method for predicting the discharge capabilities of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries using a digital twin model in practice. By combining cutting-edge machine learning techniques, such as AdaBoost and long short-term memory (LSTM) network, with a semiempirical mathematical structure, the digital twin (DT)—a virtual representation that mimics the behavior of actual batteries in real time is constructed. Various metaheuristic optimization methods, such as antlion, grey wolf optimization (GWO), and improved grey wolf optimization (IGWO), are used to adjust hyperparameters in order to optimize the models. As indicators of performance, mean absolute error (MAE) and root-mean-square error (RMSE) are applied to the models after they have undergone extensive training and ten-fold cross-validation. The models are rigorously trained and cross-validated using the NASA battery aging dataset, a widely accepted benchmark dataset for battery research. The IGWO-AdaBoost digital twin model emerges as the standout performer, achieving exceptional accuracy in predicting the discharge capacity. This model demonstrates the lowest mean absolute error (MAE) of 0.01, showcasing its superior precision in estimating discharge capabilities. Additionally, the root mean square error (RMSE) for the IGWO-AdaBoost DT model is also the lowest at 0.01. The findings of this study offer insightful information about the potential utilization of the digital twin model to accurately predict the discharge capacity of batteries.

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