Shiwen Wang, Yu Wang, Ming Gao, Yifan Huang

Aging Effect of Plasma-Treated Carbon Fiber Surface: From an Engineering Point

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma surface modification has certain aging effect. This article studies the aging effect of plasma (DBD) on the surface modification of carbon fibers. The test results show that plasma (DBD) treatment reduces the impurity particles on the surface of carbon fibers and makes the surface texture coarser. In addition, there is no significant change. After plasma (DBD) treatment, the content of C–O–C, C–O and C=O on the surface of carbon fibers increased from 3.20%, 7.76% and 1.64% to 7.06%, 21.50 and 6.08%, respectively. This is due to the high-energy particle bombardment of the fiber surface, which forms activated carbon atoms on the surface. The free electrons of these activated carbon atoms combine with ionized oxygen in the air. However, with the passage of time, the content of C–O–C, C–O and C=O gradually decreases to 3.31%, 8.57% and 1.77%, respectively. This is because some functional groups formed on the treated carbon fiber surface are not firmly bound, and some of these functional groups containing O2 groups will combine with surrounding substances through irreversible chemical oxidation reactions to produce CO2, which leaves the carbon fiber surface as a gas. The treated carbon fibers will immediately become hydrophilic, and the water contact angle decreases from 148.71° to 0°. With the passage of time, the water contact angle gradually increases to 118.16°, and the hydrophobicity recovers.

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