Aggregation of an Amyloidogenic Peptide on Gold SurfacesDavid L. Cheung
- Molecular Biology
Solid surfaces have been shown to affect the aggregation and assembly of many biomolecular systems. One important example is the formation of protein fibrils, which can occur on a range of biological and synthetic surfaces. The rate of fibrillation depends on both the protein structure and the surface chemistry, with the different molecular and oligomer structures adopted by proteins on surfaces likely to be crucial. In this paper, the aggregation of the model amyloidogenic peptide, Aβ(16–22), corresponding to a hydrophobic segment of the amyloid beta protein on a gold surface is studied using molecular dynamics simulation. Previous simulations of this peptide on gold surfaces have shown that it adopts conformations on surfaces that are quite different from those in bulk solution. These simulations show that this then leads to significant differences in the oligomer structures formed in solution and on gold surfaces. In particular, oligomers formed on the surface are low in beta-strands so are unlike the structures formed in bulk solution. When oligomers formed in solution adsorb onto gold surfaces they can then restructure themselves. This can then help explain the inhibition of Aβ(16–22) fibrillation by gold surfaces and nanoparticles seen experimentally.