DOI: 10.1111/ggi.14767 ISSN: 1444-1586

Age‐related change in gait efficacy and predictors of its decline: A 3‐year longitudinal study

Yu Sato, Masashi Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Fukumoto, Shogo Okada, Zimin Wang, Kaede Nakazato, Nanami Niiya, Yosuke Yamada, Misaka Kimura, Noriaki Ichihashi
  • General Medicine


This study aimed to calculate the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for a modified Gait Efficacy Scale (mGES) over 3 years and to clarify the predictors of mGES decline.


In total, 87 community‐dwelling older adults were enrolled in this 3‐year longitudinal study. The mGES, fall history and physical function (chair stand frequency, open‐eyes one‐leg stand, open–close stepping test, walking speed, walking endurance [shuttle stamina walk test] and physical activity) were assessed at baseline. After a 3‐year follow‐up period, the mGES and Global Rating of Change Scale were assessed. The MCID was calculated using anchor‐based methods, with the Global Rating of Change Scale as an anchor. The participants were classified into the decline and keep groups based on whether the changes in the mGES were greater than the MCID. A logistic regression analysis was conducted using the mGES as the dependent variable and physical characteristics, fall history, and physical function as independent variables.


The MCID for the mGES over 3 years was −7.38 points. A logistic regression analysis identified low open–close stepping (odds ratio, 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.782–0.985; P = 0.027) and the shuttle stamina walk test (odds ratio, 0.974; 95% confidence interval, 0.949–1.000; P = 0.049) as predictors of the mGES decline.


These findings suggest that a change of 7.38 points in the mGES was clinically significant and that poor agility and walking endurance can predict future decline in the mGES. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2023; ••: ••–••.

More from our Archive