DOI: 10.1155/2023/3560468 ISSN:

Age- and Gender-Related Differences in Renal Vascular Responses to Angiotensin II in Rats: The Role of the Mas Receptor

Fatemeh Eshraghi-Jazi, Mehdi Nematbakhsh
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Background. Renal hemodynamic is influenced by both gender difference and age. Also, the Mas receptor (MasR) as one of the depressor components of the renin-angiotensin system which has more expression in females could postpone some dysfunctions associated with age, although the association between MasR and age in renal vascular responses to angiotensin II (Ang II) in male and female rats was well undefined. Therefore, the current study examined the effects of age and sex on systemic and renal vascular responses to graded doses of Ang II in Wistar rats with or without MasR antagonists (A779). Materials and Methods. Anesthetized Wistar male and female rats with two age ranges of 8–12 and 24–28 weeks were exposed to cannulate venous and arterial vessels. After stability, mean arterial pressure (MAP), renal perfusion pressure (RPP), renal vascular resistance (RVR), and renal blood flow (RBF) were measured in response to the infusion of Ang II with or without A779. Results. There were no significant differences in the base values of MAP, RPP, RBF, and RVR between the two genders in both the age ranges of 8–12 and 24–28 weeks. In addition, no significant gender difference was observed in the age ranges of the above mentioned parameters among the groups receiving vehicle or A779. Also, the infusion of vehicle or A779 could not significantly change the base values. On the other hand, the responses of RBF and RVR to Ang II revealed gender differences among 8–12-week groups ( P < 0.05 ) but not in 24–28-week groups, while the blockade of MasR could not influence the responses in the age ranges. Conclusion. It was concluded that age could impress sex difference in RBF and RVR responses to Ang II infusion and that MasR alone could not participate in these responses. In other words, MasR is not active under normal and acutely elevated Ang II levels.

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