DOI: 10.3390/molecules28247939 ISSN: 1420-3049

Ag@AuNP-Functionalized Capillary-Based SERS Sensing Platform for Interference-Free Detection of Glucose in Urine Using SERS Tags with Built-In Nitrile Signal

Yanmei Si, Hua Wang, Yehao Yan, Bingwen Li, Zeyun Ni, Hongrui Shi
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science

A Ag@AuNP-functionalized capillary-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensing platform for the interference-free detection of glucose using SERS tags with a built-in nitrile signal has been proposed in this work. Capillary-based SERS capture substrates were prepared by connecting 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid (MBA) to the surface of the Ag@AuNP layer anchored on the inner wall of the capillaries. The SERS tags with a built-in interference-free signal could then be fixed onto the Ag@AuNP layer of the capillary-based capture substrate based on the distinguished feature of glucose, which can form a bidentate glucose–boronic complex. Thus, many “hot spots” were formed, which produced an improved SERS signal. The quantitative analysis of glucose levels was realized using the interference-free SERS intensity of nitrile at 2222 cm−1, with a detection limit of about 0.059 mM. Additionally, the capillary-based disposable SERS sensing platform was successfully employed to detect glucose in artificial urine, and the new strategy has great potential to be further applied in the diagnosis and control of diabetes.

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