DOI: 10.1029/2023gl105209 ISSN: 0094-8276

Adverse Effects of Ozone Pollution on Net Primary Productivity in the North China Plain

X. Long, Y. Han, Q. Y. Wang, X. K. Li, T. Feng, Y. C. Wang, Y. Wang, S. L. Zhang, Y. M. Han, G. H. Li, X. X. Tie, J. J. Cao, Y. Chen
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • Geophysics


Tropospheric ozone significantly damages vegetation and reduces net primary productivity (NPP). We developed a stable linear NPP response model based on accumulated ozone exposure over a threshold of 40 parts per billion (ppb) (AOT40). We then estimated the effects of regional ozone damage on NPP for different vegetation types. The study suggests an average decrease in NPP of 24.7% due to ozone pollution in the North China Plain, similar to previous estimates ranging from 10.1% to 24.7%, with a maximum reduction exceeding 200 [g C m‐2 yr‐1] and more than 50%. Vegetation types such as broadleaf forests, needleleaf forest, crops, and grasses showed significant NPP decreases of 47.1%, 37.8%, 36.7%, and 44.6%, respectively. Declining NPP also had negative impacts on several Chinese crop species. Our work highlights the need for urgent and effective action to mitigate ozone pollution's substantial detrimental effects on ecosystem health and productivity.

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