DOI: 10.1155/2023/5906721 ISSN:

Advancing 5G Connectivity: A Comprehensive Review of MIMO Antennas for 5G Applications

Poonam Tiwari, Vishant Gahlaut, Meenu Kaushik, Preeti Rani, Anshuman Shastri, Bhupender Singh
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

The review focuses on the emergence of 5G wireless communication and the need for multiple-input multiple-output antennas to support high-speed communication systems. The article discusses the advantages of MIMO antennas, including increased channel capacity and the ability to focus radio frequency energy on specific users. However, the challenges of creating compact MIMO antennas with ideal isolation are addressed, including short wavelengths, connection losses, constrained bandwidth, and path losses in the millimeter-wave range. Design techniques and methods to enhance the performance of conventional antennas for 5G applications are discussed, along with potential solutions for upcoming challenges. The article provides an overview of MIMO antennas for 5G applications, covering frequency bands, system architecture, advantages, challenges, advancements, performance enhancement techniques, design techniques, and state-of-the-art developments.

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