DOI: 10.3390/jcm12175501 ISSN:

Advances in the Relationship between Respiratory Viruses and Asthma

Sergio de Jesús Romero-Tapia, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán Priego, Blanca E. Del-Río-Navarro, Manuel Sánchez-Solis
  • General Medicine

Several studies have reported that viral infection is closely associated with the onset, progression, and exacerbation of asthma. The purpose of this review is to summarize the role that viral infections have in the pathogenesis of asthma onset and exacerbations, as well as discuss interrelated protective and risk factors of asthma and current treatment options. Furthermore, we present current knowledge of the innate immunological pathways driving host defense, including changes in the epithelial barrier. In addition, we highlight the importance of the genetics and epigenetics of asthma and virus susceptibility. Moreover, the involvement of virus etiology from bronchiolitis and childhood wheezing to asthma is described. The characterization and mechanisms of action of the respiratory viruses most frequently related to asthma are mentioned.

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