DOI: 10.3390/nu15245118 ISSN: 2072-6643

Advances in Research on Marine-Derived Lipid-Lowering Active Substances and Their Molecular Mechanisms

Lina Liu, Yihui Chen, Bei Chen, Min Xu, Shuji Liu, Yongchang Su, Kun Qiao, Zhiyu Liu
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Hyperlipidemia (HLP) is a metabolic disorder caused by abnormal lipid metabolism. Recently, the prevalence of HLP caused by poor dietary habits in the population has been increasing year by year. In addition, lipid-lowering drugs currently in clinical use have shown significant improvement in blood lipid levels, but are accompanied by certain side effects. However, bioactive marine substances have been shown to possess a variety of physiological activities such as hypoglycemic, antioxidant, antithrombotic and effects on blood pressure. Therefore, the hypolipidemic efficacy of marine bioactive substances with complex and diverse structures has also attracted attention. This paper focuses on the therapeutic role of marine-derived polysaccharides, unsaturated fatty acids, and bioactive peptides in HLP, and briefly discusses the main mechanisms by which these substances exert their hypolipidemic activity in vivo.

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