ADVANCED PROTEIN GLYCOSYLATION IN DIABETES AND AGINGMichael Brownlee, M.D
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- General Medicine
▪ Abstract Products of advanced protein glycosylation (advanced glycation end products, or AGEs) accumulate in tissues as a function of time and sugar concentration. AGEs induce permanent abnormalities in extracellular matrix component function, stimulate cytokine and reactive oxygen species production through AGE-specific receptors, and modify intracellular proteins. Pharmacologic inhibition of AGE formation in long-term diabetic animals prevents diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and arterial abnormalities in animal models. Clinical trials in humans are currently in progress.