Haihong Yang, Qin Zhang, Zuling Zhong, Yangyang Sun, Huaqu Gong, Yinghai Liu, Xuemei Dai, Lu Lin, Jingya Luo, Gu Gong, Yongjian Yang

Administration of combined spinal epidural anesthesia with ultrasound-assisted positioning in obese patients undergoing open hysterectomy: A randomized controlled trial

  • General Medicine

Background: Administration of combined spinal epidural anesthesia (CSEA) with traditional landmark-guided positioning can be challenging in patients with high body mass index (BMI). The popularization of ultrasound technology may effectively solve these problems. However, reports on the administration of CSEA ultrasound-assisted positioning in obese populations are relatively limited and have made inconsistent conclusions. We aimed to investigate the ability of ultrasound-assisted positioning to improve the success rate of CSEA in obese patients. Methods: Overall, 118 adult women with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 who scheduled to undergo open hysterectomy and received CSEA were recruited. Finally, 108 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to 2 groups: the ultrasound-assisted positioning group (group A) and traditional landmark-guided positioning group (group B). Ultrasound-assisted or landmark-guided positioning was employed to locate the puncture interspace before anesthesia. The primary outcomes were the success rate of first attempt and number of attempts. The secondary outcomes were the patient positioning accuracy, positioning time, CSEA operation time, patient-satisfaction scores, anesthesia characteristics, and complications of CSEA. Results: The success rate of patient first puncture attempt in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (78.4% vs 52.9%, P = .007). The total number of punctures was lower in group A than that in groups B (average rank 44.54 vs 58.46, P = .005). Using ultrasound positioning as the gold standard, the accuracy of landmark-guided location was only 67%. Positioning time in croup A was longer in group A than that in group B (P = .004), while CSEA operation time spent in Group A was less than that in Group B (P < .001). Patient satisfaction score in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (P = .002). The successful puncture interspace in group A were more likely at L3-4 than that in group B (P = .02). Conclusion: The success rate of first puncture attempt and positioning accuracy in CSEA with ultrasound-assisted is significantly higher than those based on landmark-guided location in obese patients.

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