Xiaotong Tu, Hao Liang, Andreas Jakobsson, Yue Huang, Xinghao Ding

Adaptive sparse estimation of nonlinear chirp signals using Laplace priors

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

The identification of nonlinear chirp signals has attracted notable attention in the recent literature, including estimators such as the variational mode decomposition and the nonlinear chirp mode estimator. However, most presented methods fail to process signals with close frequency intervals or depend on user-determined parameters that are often non-trivial to select optimally. In this work, we propose a fully adaptive method, termed the adaptive nonlinear chirp mode estimation. The method decomposes a combined nonlinear chirp signal into its principal modes, accurately representing each mode's time-frequency representation simultaneously. Exploiting the sparsity of the instantaneous amplitudes, the proposed method can produce estimates that are smooth in the sense of being piecewise linear. Furthermore, we analyze the decomposition problem from a Bayesian perspective, using hierarchical Laplace priors to form an efficient implementation, allowing for a fully automatic parameter selection. Numerical simulations and experimental data analysis show the effectiveness and advantages of the proposed method. Notably, the algorithm is found to yield reliable estimates even when encountering signals with crossed modes. The method's practical potential is illustrated on a whale whistle signal.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive