DOI: 10.3390/en17040833 ISSN: 1996-1073

Adaptive Sliding Mode Control Based on a Radial Neural Model Applied for an Electric Drive with an Elastic Shaft

Grzegorz Kaczmarczyk, Radoslaw Stanislawski, Jaroslaw Szrek, Marcin Kaminski
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

External disturbances, uncertainties, and nonlinear behavior are problems that are commonly encountered by control system designers. In order to save on energy and materials, mechanical structures have become lighter and more flexible, which only exacerbates the control problem. To resolve this issue, robust and adaptive control strategies have been proposed and have recently gained a lot of interest in modern scientific literature. This article proposes a combination of both approaches: a sliding mode—radial basis function neural network controller applied to an electrical drive with a sophisticated mechanical structure. The proposed sliding surface provides robustness against parameter uncertainties, while the neural network adjusts itself to the current state of the drive and mitigates the oscillations resulting from the elastic connection with the load machine. This article proves the stability of the proposed control algorithm in the sense of Lyapunov, provides an in-depth numerical analysis, and compares those results with the experimental tests. The algorithm was implemented in a 1103 dSPACE fast-prototyping card and was used to control a 0.5 kW DC motor connected to the load machine by a long (thin) steel shaft.

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