DOI: 10.3390/s24010169 ISSN: 1424-8220

Adaptive Convolution Sparse Filtering Method for the Fault Diagnosis of an Engine Timing Gearbox

Shigong Fan, Yixi Cai, Zongzhen Zhang, Jinrui Wang, Yunxi Shi, Xiaohua Li
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry

Due to the superior robustness of outlier signals and the unique advantage of not relying on a priori knowledge, Convolution Sparse Filtering (CSF) is drawing more and more attention. However, the excellent properties of CSF is limited by its inappropriate selection of the number and length of its filters. Therefore, the Adaptive Convolution Sparse Filtering (ACSF) method is proposed in this paper to implement an end-to-end health monitoring and fault diagnostic model. Firstly, a novel metric entropy–time function (He−T) is proposed to measure the accuracy and efficiency of signals filtered by the CSF. Then, the filtered signal with the minimum He−T is detected with particle swarm optimization. Finally, the failure mode is diagnosed according to the envelope spectrum of the signal with minimum He−T. The effectiveness and efficiency of the ACSF is demonstrated through the experiment. The results indicate the ACSF can extract the failure characteristic of the gearbox.

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