DOI: 10.1002/aepp.13411 ISSN: 2040-5790

Adaptation to climate change: The irrigation technology mix of Italian farmers

Charlotte Fabri, Michail Tsagris, Michele Moretti, Steven Van Passel
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Development


Farmers should increasingly adopt more water‐efficient irrigation technologies—such as drip irrigation—as a result of climate warming and aggravating water scarcity. We analyze how Italian farmers adapt to climate change by changing their irrigation technology mix. We apply a two‐stage econometric model to data from 5876 Italian farms. We find that farmers' initial reaction to increasing temperatures is reducing their surface‐irrigated fractions. When temperatures increase further, farmers switch toward more sprinkler irrigation. Our results show that farmers are not autonomously moving to drip irrigation in response to climate change, suggesting that government incentives are needed to encourage this transition.

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