DOI: 10.1515/revic-2022-0037 ISSN:

Acyclic diaminocarbenes (ADCs) and their catalytic activity in metal catalysed organic transformation reactions

Anuj Maurya, Rajpal Tyagi
  • Inorganic Chemistry


Acyclic diaminocarbenes (ADCs)–Metal complex having strong donor ability and thermal stability led to extensive usability across every area of inorganic and organometallic chemistry. The unique properties of acyclic diaminocarbenes (ADCs) provide certain advantages over other carbene ligands and have the potential to make a great impact in catalysis. Further, the straightforward synthesis of M–ADCs (metal bound acyclic diaminocarbenes) complexes via metal-mediated reaction provides a wide range of well-defined metal carbene catalysts, which might inspire more researchers to devise unsymmetrically substituted, chiral, and novel acyclic carbene compounds. Although the above synthetic route is limited to a few late transition metals, but have great opportunities to expand the scope of this method. The application of M–ADCs complexes as a catalyst for several organic transformation reactions such as various cross-coupling reactions and asymmetric synthesis like hydroarylation, hydroazidation, hydroamination, cyclization and addition reactions which have shown comparable or even higher activities than the analogous M–NHCs based on all the reports presented. Recent findings of donor ability of several ADC ligands would be useful in fine-tuning the electronic properties, and then a catalyst with a certain combination of donicity and steric requirement could open new doors in catalytic reactivity. Thus, the objective of this review is to assess the recent growths that have been made in designing novel and chiral ADCs ligands and synthesizing ADCs–Metal complexes and to highlight catalytic activities of metal acyclic diaminocarbene complexes for cross-coupling reactions.

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