DOI: 10.1111/sms.14595 ISSN: 0905-7188

Acute effects of caffeine supplementation on kinematics and kinetics of sprinting

Masahiro Horiuchi, Ryu Nagahara
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


We investigated the acute effects of caffeine supplementation (6 mg・kg−1) on 60‐m sprint performance and underlying components with a step‐to‐step ground reaction force measurement in 13 male sprinters. After the first round sprint as a control, caffeine supplementation‐induced improvement in 60‐m sprint times (7.811 s at the first versus 7.648 s at the second round, 2.05%) were greater compared with the placebo condition (7.769 s at the first versus 7.768 s at the second round, 0.02%). Using average values for every four steps, in the caffeine condition, higher running speed (all six step groups), higher step frequency (5th–16th and 21st–24th step groups), shorter support time (all the step groups except for 13th–16th step) and shorter braking time (9th–24th step groups) were found. Regarding ground reaction forces variables, greater braking mean force (13th–19th step group), propulsive mean force (1st–12th and 17th–20th step groups), and effective vertical mean force (9th–12th step group) were found in the caffeine condition. For the block clearance phase at the sprint start, push‐off and reaction times did not change, while higher total anteroposterior mean force, average horizontal external power, and ratio of force were found in the caffeine condition. These results indicate that, compared with placebo, acute caffeine supplementation improved sprint performance regardless of sprint sections during the entire acceleration phase from the start through increases in step frequency with decreases in support time. Moreover, acute caffeine supplementation promoted increases in the propulsive mean force, resulting in the improvement of sprint performance.

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