DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00543.2023 ISSN: 8750-7587

Acute aerobic exercise enhances cerebrovascular shear-mediated dilation in young adults: The role of cerebral shear

Rintaro Sakamoto, Tatsuki Kamoda, Kohei Sato, Shigehiko Ogoh, Masaki Katayose, Toru Neki, Erika Iwamoto
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

Exercise-induced increases in shear rate (SR) acutely improve peripheral endothelial function, but the presence of this mechanism in cerebral arteries remains unclear. Thus, we evaluated shear-mediated dilation of the internal carotid artery (ICA), which is an index of cerebrovascular endothelial function, before and after exercise. Shear-mediated dilation was measured using 30 s of hypercapnia in 16 young adults before and 10 min after 30 min of sitting rest (CON) or three cycling exercises on four separate days. The target exercise intensity was 80% of oxygen uptake at the ventilatory threshold. To manipulate the ICA SR during exercise, participants breathed spontaneously (ExSB, SR increase) or hyperventilated without (ExHV, no increase in SR) and with adding CO2 to inspiratory air (ExHV+CO2, restoration of SR increase). Shear-mediated dilation was calculated as a percent increase in diameter from baseline. Doppler ultrasound measures ICA velocity and diameter. The CON trial revealed that 30 min of sitting unaltered shear-mediated dilation (4.34 ± 1.37% to 3.44 ± 1.23%, P = 0.052). ICA dilation after exercise compared with pre-exercise levels increased in the ExSB trial (3.32 ± 1.37% to 4.74 ± 1.84%, P < 0.01), remained unchanged in the ExHV trial (4.07 ± 1.55% to 3.21 ± 1.48%, P = 0.07), but elevated in the ExHV+CO2 trial (3.35 ± 1.15% to 4.33 ± 2.12%, P = 0.04). Our results indicate that exercise-induced increases in cerebral shear may play a crucial role in improving cerebrovascular endothelial function following acute exercise in young adults.

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