DOI: 10.1126/science.1150038 ISSN:

Activity of CeO x and TiO x Nanoparticles Grown on Au(111) in the Water-Gas Shift Reaction

J. A. Rodriguez, S. Ma, P. Liu, J. Hrbek, J. Evans, M. Pérez
  • Multidisciplinary

The high performance of Au-CeO 2 and Au-TiO 2 catalysts in the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction (H 2 O + CO→H 2 + CO 2 ) relies heavily on the direct participation of the oxide in the catalytic process. Although clean Au(111) is not catalytically active for the WGS, gold surfaces that are 20 to 30% covered by ceria or titania nanoparticles have activities comparable to those of good WGS catalysts such as Cu(111) or Cu(100). In TiO 2- x /Au(111) and CeO 2- x /Au(111), water dissociates on O vacancies of the oxide nanoparticles, CO adsorbs on Au sites located nearby, and subsequent reaction steps take place at the metal-oxide interface. In these inverse catalysts, the moderate chemical activity of bulk gold is coupled to that of a more reactive oxide.

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