Activity difference of three labdane diterpenoids on human constitutive androstane receptorMitsuhiro Sekiguchi, Yui Fujinami, Keiyu Takado, Yuu Kimoto, Yasuki Higashimura
- Organic Chemistry
- Molecular Biology
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- General Medicine
- Analytical Chemistry
The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) regulates enzyme transcription related to drug metabolism; therefore, natural compound clarification in food that interacts with CAR is significant for drug development. We revealed that 13-epimanool, which is a compound found in the common sage, is bound to hCAR based on differential scanning fluorometry (DSF) measurements using recombinant hCAR protein. Similar labdane diterpenoids were examined, which revealed that manool and sclareol, which were both natural compounds contained in herbs, are bound to hCAR. They exhibited different effects for CAR activity in the luciferase assay despite the structural similarity. Manool was a partial agonist, 13-epimanool was a weak partial agonist, and sclareol was an antagonist. The activity of hCAR may be regulated by slight differences in the bound compound.