Active sites of nitrogen-doped carbon materials for oxygen reduction reaction clarified using model catalystsDonghui Guo, Riku Shibuya, Chisato Akiba, Shunsuke Saji, Takahiro Kondo, Junji Nakamura
The right kind of dopant
The oxygen reduction reaction is an important step in fuel cells and other electrochemical processes but is still largely dependent on precious metal-containing catalysts. Recently explored alternatives include carbon materials that are doped with different, preferably non-precious metal, atoms. Guo et al. studied model graphite catalysts to try to understand the role of nitrogen doping and to elucidate the active catalytic sites. A nitrogen atom bound to two carbons formed an active catalyst site with an activity rivaling that of N-doped graphene catalysts.
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